How to get the ESSID of the Wifi network you are connected to? (C Source Code)

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Recently I had to solve the problem of finding the wifi ESSID of the current wifi connection. Well, the solution is nothing special, but I'm writing this, because; first it was not straightforward to get the snippet, and second, because of the way I found the solution. Just for clarification, what I was looking for was C language function to get the ESSID in my own application in order to do something with it.

The closest solution I found was to use an external application and capture its output. That was not really acceptable. Probably, I was using the wrong keywords in my queries, or Google was feeling that I was a different kind of user (or a completely different one), or something else,... The actual fact was that I had to find a solution by other means.

At the end it was quite easy. I just used strace to find out how iwconfig gets the information about my current wireless settings. Below you can find the relevant part.

$ strace -v iwconfig wlan0
ioctl(3, SIOCGIWNAME, 0x7fff88f9b130)   = 0
ioctl(3, SIOCGIWNWID, 0x7fff88f9b130)   = -1 EOPNOTSUPP (Operation not supported)
ioctl(3, SIOCGIWFREQ, 0x7fff88f9b130)   = 0
ioctl(3, SIOCGIWENCODE, 0x7fff88f9b130) = -1 EPERM (Operation not permitted)
ioctl(3, SIOCGIWESSID, 0x7fff88f9b130)  = 0
So, that is the ioctl call you have to invoke to get the information (and actually a bunch of other interface related information). Then, looking for the ioctl I found a great article here on the topic ( Well, and just in case you get here actually looking for that snippet and you want to save one click to the article linked above... here it is the code.
#include <stdio.h>  // printf
#include <string.h> // strdup prototype
#include <stdlib.h> // free protype

/* socket systemcall */
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

#include <linux/if.h>

/* Wireless monitoring */
#include <linux/wireless.h>

char *
get_essid (char *iface)
   int           fd;
   struct iwreq  w;
   char          essid[IW_ESSID_MAX_SIZE];

   if (!iface) return NULL;

   fd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);

   strncpy (w.ifr_ifrn.ifrn_name, iface, IFNAMSIZ);
   memset (essid, 0, IW_ESSID_MAX_SIZE);
   w.u.essid.pointer = (caddr_t *) essid; = IW_ESSID_MAX_SIZE; = 0;

   ioctl (fd, SIOCGIWESSID, &w);
   close (fd);

   return strdup (essid);

main (int argc, char *argv[])
  char *essid = NULL;

  printf ("ESSID: %s\n", (essid = get_essid ("wlan0")));
  free (essid); // Remember you have to free the memory.... or change get_essid implementation :)

  return 0;

Hope it helps CU